Explosions of xenon clusters in ultraintense femtosecond X-ray pulses from the LCLS free electron laser

H. Thomas, A. Helal, K. Hoffmann, N. Kandadai, J. Keto, J. Andreasson, B. Iwan, M. Seibert, N. Timneanu, J. Hajdu, M. Adolph, T. Gorkhover, D. Rupp, S. Schorb, T. Möller, G. Doumy, L. F. Dimauro, M. Hoener, B. Murphy, N. Berrah & 4 others Marc Messerschmidt, J. Bozek, C. Bostedt, T. Ditmire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Explosions of large Xe clusters (N∼11000) irradiated by femtosecond pulses of 850eV x-ray photons focused to an intensity of up to 1017W/cm2 from the Linac Coherent Light Source were investigated experimentally. Measurements of ion charge-state distributions and energy spectra exhibit strong evidence for the formation of a Xe nanoplasma in the intense x-ray pulse. This x-ray produced Xe nanoplasma is accompanied by a three-body recombination and hydrodynamic expansion. These experimental results appear to be consistent with a model in which a spherically exploding nanoplasma is formed inside the Xe cluster and where the plasma temperature is determined by photoionization heating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number133401
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume108
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

free electron lasers
xenon
explosions
pulses
x rays
ion charge
coherent light
plasma temperature
photoionization
light sources
energy spectra
hydrodynamics
heating
expansion
photons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Thomas, H., Helal, A., Hoffmann, K., Kandadai, N., Keto, J., Andreasson, J., ... Ditmire, T. (2012). Explosions of xenon clusters in ultraintense femtosecond X-ray pulses from the LCLS free electron laser. Physical Review Letters, 108(13), [133401]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.133401

Explosions of xenon clusters in ultraintense femtosecond X-ray pulses from the LCLS free electron laser. / Thomas, H.; Helal, A.; Hoffmann, K.; Kandadai, N.; Keto, J.; Andreasson, J.; Iwan, B.; Seibert, M.; Timneanu, N.; Hajdu, J.; Adolph, M.; Gorkhover, T.; Rupp, D.; Schorb, S.; Möller, T.; Doumy, G.; Dimauro, L. F.; Hoener, M.; Murphy, B.; Berrah, N.; Messerschmidt, Marc; Bozek, J.; Bostedt, C.; Ditmire, T.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 108, No. 13, 133401, 28.03.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thomas, H, Helal, A, Hoffmann, K, Kandadai, N, Keto, J, Andreasson, J, Iwan, B, Seibert, M, Timneanu, N, Hajdu, J, Adolph, M, Gorkhover, T, Rupp, D, Schorb, S, Möller, T, Doumy, G, Dimauro, LF, Hoener, M, Murphy, B, Berrah, N, Messerschmidt, M, Bozek, J, Bostedt, C & Ditmire, T 2012, 'Explosions of xenon clusters in ultraintense femtosecond X-ray pulses from the LCLS free electron laser', Physical Review Letters, vol. 108, no. 13, 133401. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.133401
Thomas, H. ; Helal, A. ; Hoffmann, K. ; Kandadai, N. ; Keto, J. ; Andreasson, J. ; Iwan, B. ; Seibert, M. ; Timneanu, N. ; Hajdu, J. ; Adolph, M. ; Gorkhover, T. ; Rupp, D. ; Schorb, S. ; Möller, T. ; Doumy, G. ; Dimauro, L. F. ; Hoener, M. ; Murphy, B. ; Berrah, N. ; Messerschmidt, Marc ; Bozek, J. ; Bostedt, C. ; Ditmire, T. / Explosions of xenon clusters in ultraintense femtosecond X-ray pulses from the LCLS free electron laser. In: Physical Review Letters. 2012 ; Vol. 108, No. 13.
@article{af6f261de7124224ada516af08856ed1,
title = "Explosions of xenon clusters in ultraintense femtosecond X-ray pulses from the LCLS free electron laser",
abstract = "Explosions of large Xe clusters (N∼11000) irradiated by femtosecond pulses of 850eV x-ray photons focused to an intensity of up to 1017W/cm2 from the Linac Coherent Light Source were investigated experimentally. Measurements of ion charge-state distributions and energy spectra exhibit strong evidence for the formation of a Xe nanoplasma in the intense x-ray pulse. This x-ray produced Xe nanoplasma is accompanied by a three-body recombination and hydrodynamic expansion. These experimental results appear to be consistent with a model in which a spherically exploding nanoplasma is formed inside the Xe cluster and where the plasma temperature is determined by photoionization heating.",
author = "H. Thomas and A. Helal and K. Hoffmann and N. Kandadai and J. Keto and J. Andreasson and B. Iwan and M. Seibert and N. Timneanu and J. Hajdu and M. Adolph and T. Gorkhover and D. Rupp and S. Schorb and T. M{\"o}ller and G. Doumy and Dimauro, {L. F.} and M. Hoener and B. Murphy and N. Berrah and Marc Messerschmidt and J. Bozek and C. Bostedt and T. Ditmire",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.133401",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "108",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Explosions of xenon clusters in ultraintense femtosecond X-ray pulses from the LCLS free electron laser

AU - Thomas, H.

AU - Helal, A.

AU - Hoffmann, K.

AU - Kandadai, N.

AU - Keto, J.

AU - Andreasson, J.

AU - Iwan, B.

AU - Seibert, M.

AU - Timneanu, N.

AU - Hajdu, J.

AU - Adolph, M.

AU - Gorkhover, T.

AU - Rupp, D.

AU - Schorb, S.

AU - Möller, T.

AU - Doumy, G.

AU - Dimauro, L. F.

AU - Hoener, M.

AU - Murphy, B.

AU - Berrah, N.

AU - Messerschmidt, Marc

AU - Bozek, J.

AU - Bostedt, C.

AU - Ditmire, T.

PY - 2012/3/28

Y1 - 2012/3/28

N2 - Explosions of large Xe clusters (N∼11000) irradiated by femtosecond pulses of 850eV x-ray photons focused to an intensity of up to 1017W/cm2 from the Linac Coherent Light Source were investigated experimentally. Measurements of ion charge-state distributions and energy spectra exhibit strong evidence for the formation of a Xe nanoplasma in the intense x-ray pulse. This x-ray produced Xe nanoplasma is accompanied by a three-body recombination and hydrodynamic expansion. These experimental results appear to be consistent with a model in which a spherically exploding nanoplasma is formed inside the Xe cluster and where the plasma temperature is determined by photoionization heating.

AB - Explosions of large Xe clusters (N∼11000) irradiated by femtosecond pulses of 850eV x-ray photons focused to an intensity of up to 1017W/cm2 from the Linac Coherent Light Source were investigated experimentally. Measurements of ion charge-state distributions and energy spectra exhibit strong evidence for the formation of a Xe nanoplasma in the intense x-ray pulse. This x-ray produced Xe nanoplasma is accompanied by a three-body recombination and hydrodynamic expansion. These experimental results appear to be consistent with a model in which a spherically exploding nanoplasma is formed inside the Xe cluster and where the plasma temperature is determined by photoionization heating.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859369407&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84859369407&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.133401

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.133401

M3 - Article

VL - 108

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 13

M1 - 133401

ER -