Explosion dynamics of sucrose nanospheres monitored by time of flight spectrometry and coherent diffractive imaging at the split-and-delay beam line of the FLASH soft X-ray laser

Asawari D. Rath, Nicusor Timneanu, Filipe R N C Maia, Johan Bielecki, Holger Fleckenstein, Bianca Iwan, Martin Svenda, Dirk Hasse, Gunilla Carlsson, Daniel Westphal, Kerstin Mühlig, Max Hantke, Tomas Ekeberg, M. Marvin Seibert, Alessandro Zani, Mengning Liang, Francesco Stellato, Richard Kirian, Richard Bean, Anton Barty & 14 others Lorenzo Galli, Karol Nass, Miriam Barthelmess, Andrew Aquila, Sven Toleikis, Rolf Treusch, Sebastian Roling, Michael Wöstmann, Helmut Zacharias, Henry N. Chapman, Saša Bajt, Daniel DePonte, Janos Hajdu, Jakob Andreasson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use a Mach-Zehnder type autocorrelator to split and delay XUV pulses from the FLASH soft X-ray laser for triggering and subsequently probing the explosion of aerosolised sugar balls. FLASH was running at 182 eV photon energy with pulses of 70 fs duration. The delay between the pump-probe pulses was varied between zero and 5 ps, and the pulses were focused to reach peak intensities above 1016 W/cm2 with an off-axis parabola. The direct pulse triggered the explosion of single aerosolised sucrose nano-particles, while the delayed pulse probed the exploding structure. The ejected ions were measured by ion time of flight spectrometry, and the particle sizes were measured by coherent diffractive imaging. The results show that sucrose particles of 560-1000 nm diameter retain their size for about 500 fs following the first exposure. Significant sample expansion happens between 500 fs and 1 ps. We present simulations to support these observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28914-28925
Number of pages12
JournalOptics Express
Volume22
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 17 2014
Externally publishedYes

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sucrose
explosions
pulses
spectroscopy
lasers
x rays
parabolas
sugars
balls
ions
pumps
expansion
probes
photons
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Explosion dynamics of sucrose nanospheres monitored by time of flight spectrometry and coherent diffractive imaging at the split-and-delay beam line of the FLASH soft X-ray laser. / Rath, Asawari D.; Timneanu, Nicusor; Maia, Filipe R N C; Bielecki, Johan; Fleckenstein, Holger; Iwan, Bianca; Svenda, Martin; Hasse, Dirk; Carlsson, Gunilla; Westphal, Daniel; Mühlig, Kerstin; Hantke, Max; Ekeberg, Tomas; Seibert, M. Marvin; Zani, Alessandro; Liang, Mengning; Stellato, Francesco; Kirian, Richard; Bean, Richard; Barty, Anton; Galli, Lorenzo; Nass, Karol; Barthelmess, Miriam; Aquila, Andrew; Toleikis, Sven; Treusch, Rolf; Roling, Sebastian; Wöstmann, Michael; Zacharias, Helmut; Chapman, Henry N.; Bajt, Saša; DePonte, Daniel; Hajdu, Janos; Andreasson, Jakob.

In: Optics Express, Vol. 22, No. 23, 17.11.2014, p. 28914-28925.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rath, AD, Timneanu, N, Maia, FRNC, Bielecki, J, Fleckenstein, H, Iwan, B, Svenda, M, Hasse, D, Carlsson, G, Westphal, D, Mühlig, K, Hantke, M, Ekeberg, T, Seibert, MM, Zani, A, Liang, M, Stellato, F, Kirian, R, Bean, R, Barty, A, Galli, L, Nass, K, Barthelmess, M, Aquila, A, Toleikis, S, Treusch, R, Roling, S, Wöstmann, M, Zacharias, H, Chapman, HN, Bajt, S, DePonte, D, Hajdu, J & Andreasson, J 2014, 'Explosion dynamics of sucrose nanospheres monitored by time of flight spectrometry and coherent diffractive imaging at the split-and-delay beam line of the FLASH soft X-ray laser', Optics Express, vol. 22, no. 23, pp. 28914-28925. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.028914
Rath, Asawari D. ; Timneanu, Nicusor ; Maia, Filipe R N C ; Bielecki, Johan ; Fleckenstein, Holger ; Iwan, Bianca ; Svenda, Martin ; Hasse, Dirk ; Carlsson, Gunilla ; Westphal, Daniel ; Mühlig, Kerstin ; Hantke, Max ; Ekeberg, Tomas ; Seibert, M. Marvin ; Zani, Alessandro ; Liang, Mengning ; Stellato, Francesco ; Kirian, Richard ; Bean, Richard ; Barty, Anton ; Galli, Lorenzo ; Nass, Karol ; Barthelmess, Miriam ; Aquila, Andrew ; Toleikis, Sven ; Treusch, Rolf ; Roling, Sebastian ; Wöstmann, Michael ; Zacharias, Helmut ; Chapman, Henry N. ; Bajt, Saša ; DePonte, Daniel ; Hajdu, Janos ; Andreasson, Jakob. / Explosion dynamics of sucrose nanospheres monitored by time of flight spectrometry and coherent diffractive imaging at the split-and-delay beam line of the FLASH soft X-ray laser. In: Optics Express. 2014 ; Vol. 22, No. 23. pp. 28914-28925.
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AU - Rath, Asawari D.

AU - Timneanu, Nicusor

AU - Maia, Filipe R N C

AU - Bielecki, Johan

AU - Fleckenstein, Holger

AU - Iwan, Bianca

AU - Svenda, Martin

AU - Hasse, Dirk

AU - Carlsson, Gunilla

AU - Westphal, Daniel

AU - Mühlig, Kerstin

AU - Hantke, Max

AU - Ekeberg, Tomas

AU - Seibert, M. Marvin

AU - Zani, Alessandro

AU - Liang, Mengning

AU - Stellato, Francesco

AU - Kirian, Richard

AU - Bean, Richard

AU - Barty, Anton

AU - Galli, Lorenzo

AU - Nass, Karol

AU - Barthelmess, Miriam

AU - Aquila, Andrew

AU - Toleikis, Sven

AU - Treusch, Rolf

AU - Roling, Sebastian

AU - Wöstmann, Michael

AU - Zacharias, Helmut

AU - Chapman, Henry N.

AU - Bajt, Saša

AU - DePonte, Daniel

AU - Hajdu, Janos

AU - Andreasson, Jakob

PY - 2014/11/17

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