Exploring the benefits of vertically staggered wind farms: Understanding the power generation mechanisms of turbines operating at different scales

Tanmoy Chatterjee, Yulia Peet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Wind farms are known to modulate large scale structures in and around the wake regions of the turbines. The potential benefits of placing small hub height, small rotor turbines in between the large turbines in a wind farm to take advantage of such modulated large-scale eddies are explored using large eddy simulation (LES). The study has been carried out in an infinite wind farm framework invoking an asymptotic limit, and the wind turbines are modeled using an actuator line model. The vertically staggered wind turbine arrangements that are studied in the present work consist of rows of large wind turbines, with rows of smaller wind turbines (ie, smaller rotor size and shorter hub height) placed in between the rows of large turbines. The influence of the hub height of the small turbines, in particular, how it affects the interactions between the large and small turbines and consequently their power, along with the multiscale dynamics involved, has been assessed in the current study. It was found that, in the multiscale layouts, the small turbines at lower hub heights operate more efficiently than their homogeneous single-scale counterparts. In contrast, the small turbines with higher hub heights incur a loss of power compared with the corresponding single-scale arrangements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWind Energy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Farms
Power generation
Turbines
Wind turbines
Rotors
Large eddy simulation
Actuators

Keywords

  • infinite wind farms
  • large eddy simulations
  • vertically staggered
  • wind power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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abstract = "Wind farms are known to modulate large scale structures in and around the wake regions of the turbines. The potential benefits of placing small hub height, small rotor turbines in between the large turbines in a wind farm to take advantage of such modulated large-scale eddies are explored using large eddy simulation (LES). The study has been carried out in an infinite wind farm framework invoking an asymptotic limit, and the wind turbines are modeled using an actuator line model. The vertically staggered wind turbine arrangements that are studied in the present work consist of rows of large wind turbines, with rows of smaller wind turbines (ie, smaller rotor size and shorter hub height) placed in between the rows of large turbines. The influence of the hub height of the small turbines, in particular, how it affects the interactions between the large and small turbines and consequently their power, along with the multiscale dynamics involved, has been assessed in the current study. It was found that, in the multiscale layouts, the small turbines at lower hub heights operate more efficiently than their homogeneous single-scale counterparts. In contrast, the small turbines with higher hub heights incur a loss of power compared with the corresponding single-scale arrangements.",
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