Expert witness credibility as a function of eye contact behavior and gender

Tess Neal, Stanley L. Brodsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of eye contact on credibility was examined via a 3 (low, medium, high eye contact) × 2 (male, female) between-groups design with 232 undergraduate participants. A trial transcript excerpt about a defendant's recidivism likelihood was utilized as the experts' script. A main effect was found: Experts with high eye contact had higher credibility ratings than in the medium and low conditions. Although a confound precluded comparisons between the genders, results indicated that males with high eye contact were more credible than males with medium or low eye contact. The female experts' credibility was not significantly different regardless of eye contact. Eye contact may be especially important for males: Male experts should maintain eye contact for maximum credibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1515-1526
Number of pages12
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

contact behavior
Expert Testimony
witness
credibility
contact
expert
gender
rating

Keywords

  • Credibility
  • Expert witness
  • Eye contact
  • Gender
  • Jury research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

Cite this

Expert witness credibility as a function of eye contact behavior and gender. / Neal, Tess; Brodsky, Stanley L.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 35, No. 12, 12.2008, p. 1515-1526.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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