Expert detection of improvised explosive device emplacement behavior

Nancy Cooke, Cynthia Hosch, Steven Banas, Bruce P. Hunn, James Staszewski, John Fensterer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to uncover the cognitive underpinnings of Improvised Explosive Device (IED) emplacement detection expertise possessed by United States Army Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Mission Payload Operators (MPOs) who have a proven history of success at this task. Specific issues of interest include identifying strategies used to detect IED emplacement threats, as well as identifying indicators and cues associated with IED emplacement to provide the basis for future training. We reviewed existing training programs and interviewed MPOs with varying levels of in-theater experience. Initial data gathered was verified by presenting video recordings from UAS sensors depicting possible IED emplacement activity to an additional group of experienced MPOs. These videos were used to elicit cues and strategies used to identify potential threats. Results of this study highlight tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) employed by experienced MPOs. The results also emphasize the need for training on IED emplacement detection and support the presentation of feedback from tactical ground units to reinforce effective search strategies. Finally, there is support for the development of realistic IED emplacement indicators in the visual models, supporting simulation for use as an unclassified training tool for initial and reinforcement training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Pages1625-1629
Number of pages5
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event54th Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2010, HFES 2010 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Sep 27 2010Oct 1 2010

Other

Other54th Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2010, HFES 2010
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period9/27/1010/1/10

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Cite this

Cooke, N., Hosch, C., Banas, S., Hunn, B. P., Staszewski, J., & Fensterer, J. (2010). Expert detection of improvised explosive device emplacement behavior. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (Vol. 3, pp. 1625-1629) https://doi.org/10.1518/107118110X12829370089560