Abstract

The emergence of coupled natural and human landscapes marked a transformative interval in the human past that set our species on the road to the urbanized, industrial world in which we live. This emergence enabled technologies and social institutions responsible for human-natural couplings in domains beyond rural, agricultural settings. The Mediterranean Landscape Dynamics Project (MedLand) is studying the interacting social and biophysical processes associated with these novel socioecological systems and their long-term consequences using a new form of 'experimental socioecology' made possible by recent advances in computation. We briefly describe the MedLand modeling laboratory, a hybrid simulation environment that couples models of small-holder farming and herding, landscape evolution, and vegetation change managed through an interaction model. We then review three examples of experimental socioecology carried out in this laboratory. These examples offer new insights for scale-dependent thresholds in agropastoral productivity, long-term sustainability of alternative land-use strategies, and identifying signatures of human and climate-driven landscape dynamics. We conclude with an overview of new directions for this interdisciplinary research on Anthropocene human-earth systems, including: modeling more diverse decision-making strategies for land-use, developing more sophisticated models of vegetation dynamics and fire ecology, and generating digital proxy data for more robust model validation against the empirical record.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnthropocene
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 2 2015

Fingerprint

land use
landscape evolution
model validation
vegetation dynamics
smallholder
modeling
decision making
sustainability
road
ecology
productivity
Anthropocene
science
vegetation
climate
simulation
laboratory
project
interdisciplinary research

Keywords

  • Archaeology
  • Computational modeling
  • Landscape
  • Mediterranean
  • Social-ecological systems
  • Surface process modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Ecology
  • Global and Planetary Change

Cite this

Experimental socioecology : Integrative science for anthropocene landscape dynamics. / Barton, C Michael; Ullah, Isaac I T; Bergin, Sean M.; Sarjoughian, Hessam; Mayer, Gary R.; Bernabeu-Auban, Joan E.; Heimsath, Arjun; Acevedo, Miguel F.; Riel-Salvatore, Julien G.; Arrowsmith, Ramon.

In: Anthropocene, 02.09.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barton, C Michael ; Ullah, Isaac I T ; Bergin, Sean M. ; Sarjoughian, Hessam ; Mayer, Gary R. ; Bernabeu-Auban, Joan E. ; Heimsath, Arjun ; Acevedo, Miguel F. ; Riel-Salvatore, Julien G. ; Arrowsmith, Ramon. / Experimental socioecology : Integrative science for anthropocene landscape dynamics. In: Anthropocene. 2015.
@article{cc1bef97aa864fe29450e8b81817b546,
title = "Experimental socioecology: Integrative science for anthropocene landscape dynamics",
abstract = "The emergence of coupled natural and human landscapes marked a transformative interval in the human past that set our species on the road to the urbanized, industrial world in which we live. This emergence enabled technologies and social institutions responsible for human-natural couplings in domains beyond rural, agricultural settings. The Mediterranean Landscape Dynamics Project (MedLand) is studying the interacting social and biophysical processes associated with these novel socioecological systems and their long-term consequences using a new form of 'experimental socioecology' made possible by recent advances in computation. We briefly describe the MedLand modeling laboratory, a hybrid simulation environment that couples models of small-holder farming and herding, landscape evolution, and vegetation change managed through an interaction model. We then review three examples of experimental socioecology carried out in this laboratory. These examples offer new insights for scale-dependent thresholds in agropastoral productivity, long-term sustainability of alternative land-use strategies, and identifying signatures of human and climate-driven landscape dynamics. We conclude with an overview of new directions for this interdisciplinary research on Anthropocene human-earth systems, including: modeling more diverse decision-making strategies for land-use, developing more sophisticated models of vegetation dynamics and fire ecology, and generating digital proxy data for more robust model validation against the empirical record.",
keywords = "Archaeology, Computational modeling, Landscape, Mediterranean, Social-ecological systems, Surface process modeling",
author = "Barton, {C Michael} and Ullah, {Isaac I T} and Bergin, {Sean M.} and Hessam Sarjoughian and Mayer, {Gary R.} and Bernabeu-Auban, {Joan E.} and Arjun Heimsath and Acevedo, {Miguel F.} and Riel-Salvatore, {Julien G.} and Ramon Arrowsmith",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.ancene.2015.12.004",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Anthropocene",
issn = "2213-3054",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental socioecology

T2 - Integrative science for anthropocene landscape dynamics

AU - Barton, C Michael

AU - Ullah, Isaac I T

AU - Bergin, Sean M.

AU - Sarjoughian, Hessam

AU - Mayer, Gary R.

AU - Bernabeu-Auban, Joan E.

AU - Heimsath, Arjun

AU - Acevedo, Miguel F.

AU - Riel-Salvatore, Julien G.

AU - Arrowsmith, Ramon

PY - 2015/9/2

Y1 - 2015/9/2

N2 - The emergence of coupled natural and human landscapes marked a transformative interval in the human past that set our species on the road to the urbanized, industrial world in which we live. This emergence enabled technologies and social institutions responsible for human-natural couplings in domains beyond rural, agricultural settings. The Mediterranean Landscape Dynamics Project (MedLand) is studying the interacting social and biophysical processes associated with these novel socioecological systems and their long-term consequences using a new form of 'experimental socioecology' made possible by recent advances in computation. We briefly describe the MedLand modeling laboratory, a hybrid simulation environment that couples models of small-holder farming and herding, landscape evolution, and vegetation change managed through an interaction model. We then review three examples of experimental socioecology carried out in this laboratory. These examples offer new insights for scale-dependent thresholds in agropastoral productivity, long-term sustainability of alternative land-use strategies, and identifying signatures of human and climate-driven landscape dynamics. We conclude with an overview of new directions for this interdisciplinary research on Anthropocene human-earth systems, including: modeling more diverse decision-making strategies for land-use, developing more sophisticated models of vegetation dynamics and fire ecology, and generating digital proxy data for more robust model validation against the empirical record.

AB - The emergence of coupled natural and human landscapes marked a transformative interval in the human past that set our species on the road to the urbanized, industrial world in which we live. This emergence enabled technologies and social institutions responsible for human-natural couplings in domains beyond rural, agricultural settings. The Mediterranean Landscape Dynamics Project (MedLand) is studying the interacting social and biophysical processes associated with these novel socioecological systems and their long-term consequences using a new form of 'experimental socioecology' made possible by recent advances in computation. We briefly describe the MedLand modeling laboratory, a hybrid simulation environment that couples models of small-holder farming and herding, landscape evolution, and vegetation change managed through an interaction model. We then review three examples of experimental socioecology carried out in this laboratory. These examples offer new insights for scale-dependent thresholds in agropastoral productivity, long-term sustainability of alternative land-use strategies, and identifying signatures of human and climate-driven landscape dynamics. We conclude with an overview of new directions for this interdisciplinary research on Anthropocene human-earth systems, including: modeling more diverse decision-making strategies for land-use, developing more sophisticated models of vegetation dynamics and fire ecology, and generating digital proxy data for more robust model validation against the empirical record.

KW - Archaeology

KW - Computational modeling

KW - Landscape

KW - Mediterranean

KW - Social-ecological systems

KW - Surface process modeling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84961778181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84961778181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ancene.2015.12.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ancene.2015.12.004

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84961778181

JO - Anthropocene

JF - Anthropocene

SN - 2213-3054

ER -