Experiences and needs of homeless youth with a history of foster care

Kimberly Bender, Jessica Yang, Kristin Ferguson-Colvin, Sanna Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Youth exiting the foster care system through emancipation are at an increased risk for homelessness and adverse social, health, and financial outcomes. However, because youth exiting foster care are difficult to locate once homeless, few studies have examined their needs and experiences on the streets. Quantitative interviews were conducted in a large multi-site pilot study of youth (N = 601) seeking homeless services in Denver (n = 201), Austin (n = 200) and Los Angeles (n = 200). Over one-third of the sample (n = 221) included youth who reported a history of foster care involvement. The study aimed to 1) describe youth with a history of foster care in terms of their homeless contexts (primary living situations, time homeless, peer substance use, transience, and victimization) and areas of need (education, income generation, mental health, and substance use); 2) determine how homeless youth with foster care history differ from their non-foster care homeless counterparts; and 3) identify factors associated with longer duration of homelessness among youth with a history of foster care. Findings suggest that youth with a history of foster care were generally living in precarious situations, characterized as dangerous and unstable, and they had significant needs in regards to education, income generation, mental health, and substance use treatment. Although few differences were observed between youth who reported a history of foster care and those who did not, foster youth reported greater childhood maltreatment and longer duration of homelessness. Foster care youth who reported greater transience and childhood physical neglect, as well as those who were living with relatives, friends, foster parents, or in facilities in the 6. months preceding the interview reported a longer duration of homelessness. Implications are discussed for child welfare and homeless youth service organizations regarding the unique needs of foster care youth who become homeless.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-231
Number of pages10
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume55
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Homeless Youth
history
Homeless Persons
experience
homelessness
Mental Health
Interviews
Education
mental health
childhood
Crime Victims
Los Angeles
income
foster parents
Child Welfare
emancipation
maltreatment
interview
child welfare
victimization

Keywords

  • Childhood neglect
  • Foster care
  • Homeless youth
  • Mental health
  • Transience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Experiences and needs of homeless youth with a history of foster care. / Bender, Kimberly; Yang, Jessica; Ferguson-Colvin, Kristin; Thompson, Sanna.

In: Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 55, 01.08.2015, p. 222-231.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bender, Kimberly ; Yang, Jessica ; Ferguson-Colvin, Kristin ; Thompson, Sanna. / Experiences and needs of homeless youth with a history of foster care. In: Children and Youth Services Review. 2015 ; Vol. 55. pp. 222-231.
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