Expanding interprofessional teams: Training future health care professionals in screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT)

Colleen Clemency Cordes, Matthew P. Martin, C. R. Macchi, Adrienne Lindsey, Kathryn Hamm, Jeremiah Kaplan, Diane Moreland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Substance misuse persists and is undertreated across the United States (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2021). Further enhancing the skill sets and capacity of interprofessional members of primary care teams to include proficiency in the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model could help to alleviate the "treatment gap" (those requiring treatment, but not receiving it) by enhancing interprofessional teams at the pregraduate level (e.g., health educators, health coaches) to expand capacity and meet the volume of patients with substance use-related needs. METHOD: In this study, SBIRT knowledge, training satisfaction, and efficacy were evaluated among undergraduate and graduate health and behavioral health students before and after exposure to a series of online training modules. RESULTS: On completion of the training, there were positive percent increases in overall mean knowledge and self-efficacy when compared with pretraining. At posttraining, graduate level students, regardless of discipline, reported greater knowledge than undergraduate students; there were no differences in efficacy or satisfaction among the groups. Additional analysis at the graduate level evaluated differences between behavioral health and medical trainees. No differences were found in knowledge or efficacy between groups at posttest, despite medical trainees reporting significantly lower efficacy at pretest. DISCUSSION: The findings of this study reinforce the need and potential to incorporate SBIRT training into higher education curricula for interprofessional health care professions to begin expanding the integrated care team's knowledge and efficacy in the provision of SBIRT to address the treatment gap. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-565
Number of pages7
JournalFamily Systems Medicine
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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