Executive dysfunction among children with adhd: Contributions to deficits in mathematics

Lauren M. Friedman, Gabrielle Fabrikant-Abzug, Sarah A. Orban, Samuel J. Eckrich

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Math deficits among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are well documented, yet little evidence supports a causal link between the ADHD core symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity and poor math achievement. Rather, considerable evidence suggests that ADHD symptoms and cooccurring math difficulties are secondary to deficits in executive functioning. In the ensuing chapter, we discuss executive dysfunction as a potential explanatory mechanism for ADHD-related math challenges. First, ADHD diagnosis and related sequelae are discussed. Next, we review the supporting evidence that links ADHD-related math achievement deficits to challenges with executive functioning. Finally, we review the efficacy of gold-standard treatments (i.e., behavioral interventions, psychostimulant medications) and experimental interventions (i.e., computerized cognitive training programs, direct math instruction) for improving math deficits among children with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Cognitive Mathematics
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages501-537
Number of pages37
Volume1-2
ISBN (Electronic)9783031039454
ISBN (Print)9783031039447
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2022

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder)
  • Executive functions
  • Math
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

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