Exciton dynamics in semiconducting carbon nanotubes

M. W. Graham, J. Chmeliov, Y. Z. Ma, H. Shinohara, Alexander Green, M. C. Hersam, L. Valkunas, G. R. Fleming

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Abstract

We report a femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopic study on the (6, 5) single-walled carbon nanotubes and the (7, 5) inner tubes of a dominant double-walled carbon nanotube species. We found that the dynamics of exciton relaxation probed at the ?rst transition-allowed state (E11) of a given tube type exhibits a markedly slower decay when the second transition-allowed state (E22) is excited than that measured by exciting its ?rst transition-allowed state (E11). A linear intensity dependence of the maximal amplitude of the transient absorption signal is found for the E22 excitation, whereas the corresponding amplitude scales linearly with the square root of the E11 excitation intensity. Theoretical modeling of these experimental ?ndings was performed by developing a continuum model and a stochastic model with explicit consideration of the annihilation of coherent excitons. Our detailed numerical simulations show that both models can reproduce reasonably well the initial portion of decay kinetics measured upon the E22 and E11 excitation of the chosen tube species, but the stochastic model gives qualitatively better agreement with the intensity dependence observed experimentally than those obtained with the continuum model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5201-5211
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume115
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 12 2011
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Graham, M. W., Chmeliov, J., Ma, Y. Z., Shinohara, H., Green, A., Hersam, M. C., Valkunas, L., & Fleming, G. R. (2011). Exciton dynamics in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 115(18), 5201-5211. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp106250a