We report specific heat and thermal conductivity of gadolinium- and yttrium-doped amorphous silicon thin films measured using silicon-nitride membrane-based microcalorimeters. Addition of gadolinium or yttrium to the amorphous silicon network reduces the thermal conductivity over a wide temperature range while significantly increasing the specific heat. This result indicates that a large number of nonpropagating states are added to the vibrational spectrum that are most likely caused either by localized vibration of the dopant atom in a Si cage or softening of the material forming the cage structures. High-resolution cross-sectional electron micrographs reveal columnar features in Gd-doped material which do not appear in pure amorphous silicon. Scattering from both the nanoscaled columns and the filled-cage structures play a role in the reduced thermal conductivity in the rare-earth-doped amorphous semiconductor. The overall result is an amorphous solid with a large bump in C/T3 and no plateau in thermal conductivity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics