Examining the Relationships Among Item Recognition, Source Recognition, and Recall From an Individual Differences Perspective

Nash Unsworth, Gene A. Brewer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors of the current study examined the relationships among item-recognition, source-recognition, free recall, and other memory and cognitive ability tasks via an individual differences analysis. Two independent sources of variance contributed to item-recognition and source-recognition performance, and these two constructs related differentially to other memory and cognitive ability constructs. The results are in accordance with a dual-process theory of memory retrieval in which a familiarity process can support judgments of previous occurrence and a more strategic recollection process is needed for controlled search of long-term memory. Furthermore, the authors offer additional evidence in favor of a dual-process model by showing validity for these two unique sources of variance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1578-1585
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dual process
  • individual differences
  • item recognition
  • source recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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