Examining the relationship between encouragement and health-related quality of life among Muslims

David Hodge, Tarek Zidan, Altaf Husain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between encouragement and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among a sample of American Muslims, in tandem with the potential mediating effects of depression and spirituality. To conduct this cross-sectional study, a model was developed and tested using structural equation modeling (SEM) with a community sample of Muslims (N = 284). The results indicate that encouragement has a direct, positive effect on HRQOL. Neither depression nor spirituality mediated the relationship between encouragement and HRQOL. Rather, both variables exhibited a direct, independent effect on HRQOL. In addition, spirituality exhibited an indirect effect on HRQOL through attenuating depression. The findings underscore the importance of encouragement as a pathway to enhance HRQOL among Muslims in post-9/11 America. The results also suggest that spirituality can play a significant role in fostering HRQOL among Muslims, both directly and indirectly by reducing the effects of depression on HRQOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-487
Number of pages18
JournalSocial Work in Health Care
Volume56
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2017

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Muslims
  • encouragement
  • health
  • spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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