Examining Psychological Self-Sufficiency Among Low-Income Jobseekers with Mental Health Barriers

Philip Young P. Hong, Rana Hong, Sangmi Choi, David R. Hodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The study is to investigate psychological self-sufficiency—the force within someone that activates cognitive and non-cognitive process of shifting perceived barriers into hope actions—as it relates to economic self-sufficiency among jobseekers with mental health barriers. Among a sample of 2455 low-income jobseekers in job readiness programs at six community-based agencies in Chicago, a subsample of 424 who self-identified as having mental illness barriers are selected to analyze the relationships between employment hope, employment barriers, and economic self-sufficiency using structural equation modeling. Results indicate that employment hope mediates the path between perceived employment barriers and economic self-sufficiency. The study further highlights the positive effects of employment barriers on employment hope among jobseekers with perceived mental illnesses. The findings support growing evidence that psychological self-sufficiency is positively associated with gaining economic self-sufficiency in workforce development programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-188
Number of pages11
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Economic self-sufficiency
  • Employment barriers
  • Employment hope
  • Mental health
  • Psychological self-sufficiency
  • Structural equation modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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