Evolution of cooperation and altruistic punishment when retaliation is possible

Marcus Janssen, Clint Bushman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Altruistic punishment is suggested to explain observed high levels of cooperation among non-kin related humans. However, laboratory experiments as well as ethnographic evidence suggest that people might retaliate if being punished, and that this reduces the level of cooperation. Building on existing models on the evolution of cooperation and altruistic punishment, we explore the consequences of the option of retaliation. We find that cooperation and altruistic punishment does not evolve with larger population levels if the option of retaliation is included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-545
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Theoretical Biology
Volume254
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 7 2008

Keywords

  • Group selection
  • Public good games

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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