Evidence of multiple introductions of beak and feather disease virus into the Pacific islands of Nouvelle-Calédonie (New Caledonia)

Laurel Julian, Almudena Lorenzo, Jean Paul Chenuet, Marianne Bonzon, Celine Marchal, Laurent Vignon, David A. Collings, Matthew Walters, Bethany Jackson, Arvind Varsani

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19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) is a circular ssDNA virus that causes psittacine beak and feather disease and has almost global presence. Here, we report for the first time the presence of in Nouvelle-Calédonie (New Caledonia). One hundred and sixty-eight exotic and 79 endemic birds were sampled in Nouvelle-Calédonie, 26 were found to be positive for BFDV. We characterized the full genomes of 26 isolates and phylogenetic analysis placed nine of the isolates into the BFDV-J strain, with the remaining 17 isolates from Deplanche's Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus deplanchii) forming a novel strain, BFDV-P. Of more concern was the discovery of an infected bird from the vulnerable and endemic New Caledonian Parakeet (Cyanoramphus saisseti). Our results reveal that there have been at least two introductions of BFDV into Nouvelle-Calédonie.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2466-2472
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume93
Issue numberPART 11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

Cite this

Julian, L., Lorenzo, A., Chenuet, J. P., Bonzon, M., Marchal, C., Vignon, L., Collings, D. A., Walters, M., Jackson, B., & Varsani, A. (2012). Evidence of multiple introductions of beak and feather disease virus into the Pacific islands of Nouvelle-Calédonie (New Caledonia). Journal of General Virology, 93(PART 11), 2466-2472. https://doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.045575-0