Evidence of Empowerment in Resident Council Groups: An Examination of Two Leadership Models in Assisted Living

Robin Bonifas, Jay Hedgpeth, Christie Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Individuals living in long-term care facilities and the professionals working with them are seeking methods to enhance resident choice and self-direction in personal care and internal community planning. This article presents findings from a study examining the incidence of empowerment opportunities in two resident council groups in assisted living facilities; one group used a resident leadership model and the other used an administrative leadership model by residents' choice. Results indicate that even with health and mental health challenges, residents were able to exercise choice in complicated situations under both leadership models, suggesting that resident council groups are a beneficial empowerment strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-298
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Gerontological Social Work
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 1 2013



  • empowerment
  • long-term care
  • mixed methods
  • quality of life
  • resident councils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

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