Eventful futures and triple bottom line impacts: BRICS, image regeneration and competitiveness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Purpose: There are many ways of viewing, interpreting and even conceptualizing Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) growth. This paper considers image regeneration and how this helps enhance place competitiveness. A focus on events and the spectacle they create also challenges to think about sustainable futures. This paper aims to supplement this focus on image regeneration and competitiveness, it is important to discuss and outline triple bottom line impacts as a framework to consider going forward. Design/methodology/approach: Looking at the BRICS, the growing events, tourism and leisure industries transcend private and public business practices and can help align with more contemporary sustainable development practices and regeneration agendas. Such agendas can, in turn, help enhance destination competitiveness and image. While the authors need (and should) continue to assess and address economic impacts and development, it is just as important to consider environmental impacts and social impacts on a destination and its residents when considering competitiveness. Findings: This conceptual paper frames insight from the literature to reflect on and consider research directions linked to triple bottom line impacts. The paper puts emphasis on the need to consider the social and environmental impacts of events. Originality/value: This paper links conceptual discussions of image regeneration and competitiveness with triple bottom line impacts to look at directions for BRICS nations. It is useful for policymakers and planners who look at the “big picture” of event hosting and argues the need for more sustainable policy and planning agendas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Place Management and Development
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 6 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Competitiveness
  • Event impacts
  • Image regeneration
  • Triple bottom line

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Urban Studies
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Marketing


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