Evaluation of potential particulate/colloidal TEP foulants on a pilot scale SWRO desalination study

Sheng Li, Shahnawaz Sinha, Tor Ove Leiknes, Gary L. Amy, Noreddine Ghaffour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


This pilot study investigated the variation of potential foulants and different fractions of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP), along the treatment scheme under different conditions. The objectives are to provide a comprehensive understanding on which fraction of TEP is more problematic in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) fouling, and which pretreatment can better reduce the concentration of TEP. Results showed that TEP deposited on the RO membranes, and the extent of RO fouling increased with the increase of TEP concentration in RO feed water. More TEP was produced in water after chlorination, probably because of the breakdown of bacterial cells and thus the release of internal exopolymers. Moreover, the cartridge filters could behave as an incubator for the regrowth of bacteria deactivated by chlorination and a spot for potential foulant (bacterial TEP) production, and thus enhance the RO membranes fouling. The presence of residual iron and addition of phosphate based antiscalant may also contribute to the higher biofouling of RO membranes. This pilot study provided an opportunity to identify the TEP related issues under different operational conditions in RO desalination of Red Sea water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-134
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cartridge filters
  • Chlorination
  • Fouling
  • Residual iron
  • SWRO
  • TEP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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