Evaluation of peptide/metal ion interactions by UV laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

T. W. Hutchens, R. W. Nelson, T. T. Yip

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Abstract

A relatively recent method developed to determine the molecular weights of intact peptides and proteins, matrix-assisted UV laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LDTOF-MS), has been evaluated as a new means to investigate the metal ion-binding properties of model synthetic peptides. A contiguous sequence of 25 residues on the surface of the 74 kDa human plasma metal-binding transport protein histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) has been identified as a bioactive metal-binding domain. The peptide, (GHHPH)5G, was synthesized and evaluated by LDTOF-MS before and after the addition of Cu(II) in solution with 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid as the matrix. In the absence of added Cu(II), the major protonated molecular ion (M + H)+ was observed to have a mass equal to its calculated mass (2904.0 Da). In the presence of Cu(II), however, five additional peaks were observed at mass increments of approximately 63.9 Da. The maximum Cu(II)-binding capacity observed for the 26-residue peptide (5 g-atoms/mol) suggested that up to 1 Cu(II) may be bound per 5-residue internal repeat unit (GHHPH) within this peptide; several other monovalent and divalent metal cations were not bound under identical conditions of analysis. The Cu(II)-binding stoichiometry was verified by spectrophotometric titration and by frontal analyses of the immobilized peptide with a solution of Cu(II) ions. These results demonstrate the ability to verify directly the solution-phase binding capacity of metal-binding peptides by LDTOF-MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-153
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of molecular recognition : JMR
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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