Passive diffusive-adsorptive samplers are being considered for vapor intrusion (VI) pathway assessment, particularly where multi-week time-weighted average concentrations are desired. Recent studies have shown that passive samplers can produce accurate results under well-controlled steady concentration conditions, and field performance was also demonstrated at several sites. The objective of this study was to examine passive sampler performance in settings with time-varying indoor air concentrations, through a comparison of passive sampler results to concentrations determined by 24-h active sorbent tube sampling in a series of multi-week deployments. Sampling was performed in a well-instrumented residential building as well as industrial buildings, over periods of time ranging from 1 to 7 weeks. Strong linear correlations were noted between passive and active sampling concentration results for some passive samplers, with passive sampling results being similar to or lower than measured active sampling results by about 50% for those samplers in the residential study and about 25% higher in the industrial building study. Other samplers produced poor agreement. The conclusion from this study is that some passive samplers have great potential for use in multi-week indoor air quality monitoring. It was further determined that there is need for accepted procedures to validate and calibrate passive samplers for use in the field.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Water Science and Technology