Evaluation of drug interaction software to identify alerts for transplant medications

Wendy D. Smith, Randy C. Hatton, Amy L. Fann, Maher A. Baz, Bruce Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The ability of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems to identify clinically significant drug interactions is dependent upon the integrity of the drug information populating the software. A CPOE system with incomplete or inaccurate drug information will fail to identify clinically important drug interactions and, therefore, fail to reduce preventable adverse drug events (pADEs). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, from the preservers' perspective, the ability of a common drug interaction database to identify clinically important drug interactions involving drugs used in transplantation. METHODS: The clinical significance of drug interactions involving 5 transplant drugs was evaluated by an expert panel to determine whether alerts should be generated for physicians not involved in the transplant at the time of order entry. Drug interactions included in the analysis were generated from the expert panel, a common drug interaction database, and 2 standard drug interaction references. Responses on the clinical significance were used to calculate the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values for each severity setting of a common electronic drug interaction database. RESULTS: Overall, the database failed to identify approximately 70% of interactions considered significant by the expert panel. Of the alerts that were generated, >85% were considered clinically significant. The database was most deficient in identifying interactions resulting from additive toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: To expect a decrease in pADEs caused by drug interactions, the information used to populate CPOE systems must be validated. Establishing consistency and integrity of this information may be a future role for pharmacists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Pharmacotherapy
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

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Keywords

  • Computerized physician order entry
  • Drug interaction software
  • Drug interactions
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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