Evaluation of academic burnout in college students. Application of SEM with PLS approach

Luís M. Grilo, Anuj Mubayi, Katelyn Dinkel, Bechir Amdouni, Joy Ren, Mohini Bhakta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In several academic activities students experience a considerable stress in their daily life. Stressors may affect the mental and physical health of college students, leading some of them to the burnout syndrome. To evaluate this syndrome in students at Arizona State University (ASU), USA, a survey was conducted using a questionnaire previously developed, with ordinal variables. A theoretical Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was proposed and the estimated model was obtained applying the Partial Least Squares (PLS) approach. Based on the PLS-SEM path coefficients, the latent construct behavioural stress has a direct effect on distress and insecurity, and an indirect effect on both quantitative demands and academic burnout. Both mediator constructs quantitative demands and distress have a direct effect on the academic burnout in students. A multi-group analysis was also conducted to compare the path coefficients of the estimated model by gender, but the differences are not statistically significant. These results allow a better understanding of burnout syndrome in ASU college students, which can severely limit their psychosocial well-being and performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering 2019, ICCMSE 2019
EditorsTheodore E. Simos, Theodore E. Simos, Theodore E. Simos, Zacharoula Kalogiratou, Theodore Monovasilis
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419339
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2019
EventInternational Conference of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering 2019, ICCMSE 2019 - Rhodes, Greece
Duration: May 1 2019May 5 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2186
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering 2019, ICCMSE 2019
CountryGreece
CityRhodes
Period5/1/195/5/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Grilo, L. M., Mubayi, A., Dinkel, K., Amdouni, B., Ren, J., & Bhakta, M. (2019). Evaluation of academic burnout in college students. Application of SEM with PLS approach. In T. E. Simos, T. E. Simos, T. E. Simos, Z. Kalogiratou, & T. Monovasilis (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering 2019, ICCMSE 2019 [090008] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2186). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5138004