Evaluation of a preventive intervention for a self-selected subpopulation of children

Jerome L. Short, Mark W. Roosa, Irwin Sandler, Tim S. Ayers, Leah K. Gensheimer, Sanford L. Braver, Jenn-Yun Tein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evaluated an experimental preventive intervention developed for children who perceived their parents as problem drinkers. The 8-session program was designed to improve children's coping, self-esteem, and social competence, and modify alcohol expectancies which were specified as mediators of the effects of parental alcohol abuse on child mental health. Participants were 271 self-selected 4th-, 5th-, and 6th-grade students in 13 schools. The children were randomly assigned to treatment or delayed treatment conditions and the program was given to three successive cohorts of students. A meta-analysis across three different cohorts indicated significant program effects to improve knowledge of the program content and the use of support- and emotion-focused coping behaviors for the full sample. A slightly stronger range of effects was found for a high-risk subsample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-247
Number of pages25
JournalAmerican journal of community psychology
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1995

Keywords

  • alcoholism
  • children of alcoholics
  • coping
  • prevention
  • school-based intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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