Evaluating the efficiency of the Essential Air Service program in the United States

Tony H. Grubesic, Fangwu Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Essential Air Service (EAS) is a federally funded program in the United States that provides connecting, commercial air service between rural communities and their nearest large or medium commercial hub airport. During fiscal year 2010, $170. million dollars were spent to provide this service to 107 communities in the US. However, with significant variations in subsidies to each airport (ranging from $427,757 to $3,082,403) and marked differences in passengers served, there are serious concerns regarding the overall efficiency of the EAS program. The purpose of this paper is to use data envelopment analysis integrated in a geographic information system for evaluating service efficiencies at the community level. Policy implications and strategies to improve the EAS program are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1562-1573
Number of pages12
JournalTransportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • Accessibility
  • Airports
  • Efficiency
  • Essential Air Service
  • Rural transportation
  • Spatial analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Management Science and Operations Research

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