Evaluating PV Module Sample Removal Methods for TCLP Testing

G. Tamizh Mani, C. Libby, S. Shaw, R. Krishnamurthy, J. Leslie, R. Yadav, S. Tatapudi, B. Bicer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Solar photovoltaic (PV) deployment has grown exponentially since the early 2000s. Installed PV modules pose practically no health or environmental risks. However, the potential leaching of toxic chemicals and materials from broken end-of-life landfilled modules could pose health or environmental risks. As per existing EPA 1311 regulations, PV modules are categorized as general waste and are subjected to a Toxicity Characterization Leaching Procedure (TCLP) to determine if they contain any toxic metals that can possibly leach into the landfill. Depending on the toxicity result, modules may be classified as (1) universal waste, or as (2) hazardous waste. Currently, there is no standard procedure to remove samples from PV modules for chemical toxicity testing in the laboratories. In this paper, four different removal methods are presented along with their influence on the variability of toxicity test results for five different module manufacturers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC 2018 - A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC and 34th EU PVSEC
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2610-2615
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538685297
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 26 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event7th IEEE World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC 2018 - Waikoloa Village, United States
Duration: Jun 10 2018Jun 15 2018

Publication series

Name2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC 2018 - A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC and 34th EU PVSEC

Other

Other7th IEEE World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC 2018
CountryUnited States
CityWaikoloa Village
Period6/10/186/15/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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