Ethnic pride, traditional family values, and acculturation in early cigarette and alcohol use among latino adolescents

Felipe Castro, Judith A. Stein, Peter M. Bentler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

A structural equations model examined the influence of three cultural variables of ethnic pride, traditional family values and acculturation, along with the mediating variables of avoidance self-efficacy and perceptions of the "benefits" of cigarette smoking, on cigarette and alcohol use in a sample of Latino middle school students in the Southwest. Girls (N = 585) and boys (N = 360) were analyzed separately. In both groups, higher ethnic pride and traditional family values exerted indirect effects on less cigarette smoking and alcohol use when mediated through greater self-efficacy and less endorsement of the "benefits" of cigarette smoking. Among the girls, greater ethnic pride also had a direct effect on less cigarette and alcohol use. Also, greater acculturation directly predicted more cigarette and alcohol use among the girls, but not among the boys. However, differences between the boys and girls were generally nonsignificant as revealed by multiple group latent variable models. These results offer implications for incorporating cultural variables into the design of culturally relevant prevention interventions that discourage cigarette and alcohol use among Latino adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-292
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Primary Prevention
Volume30
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Alcohol use
  • Ethnic pride
  • Gender differences
  • Latino adolescents
  • Tobacco use
  • Traditional family values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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