Ethnic pride, biculturalism, and drug use norms of urban American Indian adolescents

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86 Scopus citations


This study examines how strength of ethnic identity, multiethnic identity, and other indicators of biculturalism relate to the drug use norms of urban American Indian middle school students. The article distinguishes categories of norms that may affect drug use. Regression analysis of self-reports by 434 American Indian seventh graders attending middle schools in a large southwestern U.S. city indicated that students who had a more intense sense of ethnic pride adhered more strongly to certain antidrug norms than those who did not. Whereas American Indian students with better grades in school held consistently stronger antidrug norms, there were few differences by gender, socioeconomic status, or age. These results have implications in social work practice for better understanding and strengthening the protective aspects of American Indian culture in drug prevention efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-112
Number of pages12
JournalSocial work research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2002


  • Adolescents
  • American Indians
  • Biculturalism
  • Drug use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science


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