Ethnic Identity and Substance Use Among Mexican-Heritage Preadolescents: Moderator Effects of Gender and Time in the United States

Stephen Kulis, Flavio Marsiglia, Albert M. Kopak, Maureen E. Olmsted, Ashley Crossman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined interactive relationships among ethnic identity, gender, time in the US, and changes in substance use outcomes among a school-based sample of 1,731 Mexican-heritage preadolescents (ages 9-13). Residual change multilevel models adjusting for school clustering and using multiply imputed data assessed changes from beginning to end of fifth grade in use of alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana and inhalants, and four substance use antecedents. Effects of ethnic identity were conditional on time in the US, and in opposite directions by gender. Among males living longer in the US, stronger ethnic identity predicted desirable changes in all but one outcome (substance offers). Among females living longer in the US, stronger ethnic identity predicted undesirable changes in alcohol use, pro-drug norms, and peer substance use. Interpretations focus on differential exposure to substance use opportunities and the erosion of traditional gender role socialization among Mexican-heritage youth having lived longer in the US.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-199
Number of pages35
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Fingerprint

moderator
ethnic identity
gender
Alcohols
Socialization
alcohol
Prodrugs
Cannabis
Tobacco Products
Cluster Analysis
gender role
school
socialization
drug use
erosion
school grade
interpretation
time

Keywords

  • ethnic identity
  • Mexican-heritage
  • preadolescence
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Ethnic Identity and Substance Use Among Mexican-Heritage Preadolescents : Moderator Effects of Gender and Time in the United States. / Kulis, Stephen; Marsiglia, Flavio; Kopak, Albert M.; Olmsted, Maureen E.; Crossman, Ashley.

In: Journal of Early Adolescence, Vol. 32, No. 2, 04.2012, p. 165-199.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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