Establishing consumer need and preference for design of village cooking stoves

Nathan Johnson, Kenneth M. Bryden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In some villages the use of wood cooking stoves accounts for more than three-quarters of total village energy use. Because of this the design of clean, affordable, and desirable cooking stoves can have a dramatic impact on human health and the local economy. Unfortunately, too often development projects fail. For example, an estimated 30% of water projects in sub- Saharan Africa have failed prematurely in the last 20 years, and only 10% of cooking stove programs started in the 1980s were operational two years after startup. Similar anecdotal evidence suggests a mixed record of success for other energy, infrastructure, health, and sanitation projects in the developing world. In part, these failures occur because of a lack of design questions and design methods to identify consumer need and preference during the problem definition phase of the product design. Because isolated rural villages are generally far from the design engineers' previous experiences it is even more important to gather in-depth primary data in isolated rural villages. Based on data collected during in-depth field visits to villages in rural West Africa during a village energy study this paper proposes a structured process for collecting the data necessary to design cookstoves that meet local needs, fit within local contexts, and create an aspirational experience that fosters a sustainable solution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Volume3 A
ISBN (Print)9780791855881
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2013 - Portland, OR, United States
Duration: Aug 4 2013Aug 7 2013

Other

OtherASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2013
CountryUnited States
CityPortland, OR
Period8/4/138/7/13

Fingerprint

Stoves
Cooking
Health
Energy
Start-up
Product Design
Sanitation
Design Method
Product design
Infrastructure
Wood
Water
Necessary
Design
Engineers
Africa
Experience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation

Cite this

Johnson, N., & Bryden, K. M. (2013). Establishing consumer need and preference for design of village cooking stoves. In Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference (Vol. 3 A). [V03AT03A042] American Society of Mechanical Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2013-13629

Establishing consumer need and preference for design of village cooking stoves. / Johnson, Nathan; Bryden, Kenneth M.

Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference. Vol. 3 A American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2013. V03AT03A042.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Johnson, N & Bryden, KM 2013, Establishing consumer need and preference for design of village cooking stoves. in Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference. vol. 3 A, V03AT03A042, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2013, Portland, OR, United States, 8/4/13. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2013-13629
Johnson N, Bryden KM. Establishing consumer need and preference for design of village cooking stoves. In Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference. Vol. 3 A. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2013. V03AT03A042 https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2013-13629
Johnson, Nathan ; Bryden, Kenneth M. / Establishing consumer need and preference for design of village cooking stoves. Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference. Vol. 3 A American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2013.
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