An optimal training strategy is devised for the linearly decoded orthogonal space-time block coded (OSTBC) wireless systems in quasi-static fading channel, based on the performance analysis using pairwise error probability (PEP) and symbol error probability (SEP). The PEP/SEP analyses allow us to find a generic expression for the performance improvement due to optimal training compared to the conventional case for OSTBC system equipped with any number of transmit and receive antennas and any linear modulation scheme. It is observed that the linear processing in the receiver, the most attractive feature of OSTBC, although destroys the orthogonality in the presence of channel estimation error, does not reduce diversity, but causes performance penalty as a loss of signal-to-noise ratio (LoSNR) due to training. This loss is quantified analytically and minimised by optimal allocation of power between training and data symbols. The performance of optimal power allocation improves with the higher number of space-time blocks in a frame. Furthermore, the LoSNR depends only on the OSTBC and is independent of any modulation scheme and the full rate Alamouti and other high rate OSTBCs suffer more in terms of performance due to training compared to the lower rate OSTBC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Computer Science Applications