Epitaxial lateral overgrowth of (11 2- 2) semipolar GaN on (1 1- 00) m -plane sapphire by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition

X. Ni, Ü Özgür, A. A. Baski, H. Morko̧, Lin Zhou, David J. Smith, C. A. Tran

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83 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors report the growth of semipolar (11 2- 2) GaN films on nominally on-axis (10 1- 0) m -plane sapphire substrates using metal organic chemical vapor deposition. High-resolution x-ray diffraction (XRD) results indicate a preferred (11 2- 2) GaN orientation. Moreover, epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) of GaN was carried out on the (11 2- 2) oriented GaN templates. When the ELO stripes were aligned along [11 2- 0]sapphire, the Ga-polar wings were inclined by 32° with respect to the substrate plane with smooth extended nonpolar a -plane GaN surfaces and polar c -plane GaN growth fronts. When compared with the template, the on-axis and off-axis XRD rocking curves indicated significant improvement in the crystalline quality by ELO for this mask orientation (on-axis 1700 arc sec for the template, 380 arc sec for the ELO sample, when rocked toward the GaN m axis), as verified by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). For growth mask stripes aligned along [0001]sapphire with GaN m -plane as growth fronts, the surface was composed of two 10 1- 1 planes making a 26° angle with the substrate plane. For this mask orientation XRD and TEM showed no improvement in the crystalline quality by ELO when compared to the non-ELO template.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number182109
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume90
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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