Environmentalism, development, and participation on Palawan Island, Philippines

Rebecca L. Austin, James F. Eder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On Palawan Island, Philippines, known for its high biodiversity and dynamic environmental movement, development, participation, and conservation have been enveloped by the twin discourses of environmentalism and sustainable development. This essay considers environmental policy on Palawan and several case studies of sustainable development projects that emphasize community-based resource management (CBRM). Recent critiques suggest that CBRM has not been successful because communities lack self-sufficiency and claims of "local participation" are merely rhetorical. We argue that analyses of CBRM should consider three aspects of Philippine environmentalism: whether rhetoric regarding resource management matches reality in the eyes of local residents; the overlapping roles of government and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs); and multiplex relationships of NGOs with local communities. Our findings suggest that despite some difficulties, stronger NGO roles in CBRM have generally resulted in better environmental protection, and through relationships with NGOs, communities in the Philippines can indeed take action to serve their own best interests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-371
Number of pages9
JournalSociety and Natural Resources
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

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environmentalism
Philippines
resource management
nongovernmental organization
participation
non-governmental organization
community
management
resources
sustainable development
self sufficiency
local participation
development project
environmental policy
environmental protection
self-sufficiency
biodiversity
rhetoric
conservation
resident

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Environmentalism, development, and participation on Palawan Island, Philippines. / Austin, Rebecca L.; Eder, James F.

In: Society and Natural Resources, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2007, p. 363-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Austin, Rebecca L. ; Eder, James F. / Environmentalism, development, and participation on Palawan Island, Philippines. In: Society and Natural Resources. 2007 ; Vol. 20, No. 4. pp. 363-371.
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