Environmental correlates of overweight and obesity in community residing older adults

Amy R. Eisenstein, Thomas R. Prohaska, Judy Kruger, William A. Satariano, Steven Hooker, David Buchner, Melissa Kealey, Rebecca H. Hunter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    14 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Objective: This study examines the role of environmental correlates of overweight and obesity among older adults independent of walking activity and lower body function. Methods: In-person interviews were conducted with 789 adults aged 65 and older, residing in four areas in the U.S. Demographic information, general health, lower body function, walking behavior, and awareness of environmental infrastructure features using the modified Neighborhood Environment Walking Survey (NEWS) were obtained. Regression analyses examined the association between Body Mass Index (BMI) and environmental infrastructure features, adjusting for demographics and lower body function. Results: Older adults who perceived their neighborhood as less safe from crime and had reduced access to services were more likely to have higher BMI. Controlling for demographic and functional characteristics, access to services remained significant. This association remained significant for those with lower functional status. Discussion: This research suggests that neighborhood environment may have an influence on BMI above and beyond walking activity.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)994-1009
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Aging and Health
    Volume23
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

    Keywords

    • aging
    • environment
    • obesity
    • walking

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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    Eisenstein, A. R., Prohaska, T. R., Kruger, J., Satariano, W. A., Hooker, S., Buchner, D., Kealey, M., & Hunter, R. H. (2011). Environmental correlates of overweight and obesity in community residing older adults. Journal of Aging and Health, 23(6), 994-1009. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264311404557