This paper focuses on the acculturation model of second-culture-acquisition for Latino immigrants. Two theoretical frameworks, assimilation and alternation theories, are compared within the acculturation model. Empirical research findings suggest that assimilation is a risk factor for increases in negative health behaviors and mental health problems. Conversely, biculturalism appears to be an emerging protective factor that buffers assimilation stress, enhances socio-cognitive functioning, and increases academic achievement. A review of bicultural skills training interventions shows these programs are effective in decreasing the risk for problematic behavior. Finally, a refined model of bicultural skills training for Latino immigrant families is proposed based on the acculturation research literature and extensive interviews with Latino families in North Carolina.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health