Enhancing light coupling with plasmonic optical antennas

Jun Xu, Anil Kumar, Pratik Chaturvedi, Keng H. Hsu, Nicholas X. Fang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe in this chapter development of plasmonic optical antennas for light concentration and near-field enhancement. A set of bow tie nanoantennas are fabricated and characterized with optical and electron excitation methods. Optical spectroscopy of these subwavelength antennas displays pronounced extinction peaks at resonant wavelength, showing total extinction cross sections as much as 10 times of their physical dimensions. On the other hand, coherent excitation of the bow tie antennas allows tuning the peak wavelength of the scattered light by changing the periodicity. Under dark-field microscopy, we observed the scattered waves from arrays of different bow tie antennas in complete visible spectrum. The local resonant modes of the bow tie antennas are also probed by focused electrons. Such cathodoluminescence spectroscopy reveals the fine details of enhanced field on the optical nanoantennas at resolution down to 20∈nm. Finally, we show examples of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy on the nanoantennas. Effective designs based on local enhancement and radiation engineering of the plasmonic optical antennas would promise revolutionary changes in highly compact and integrated photonics for photon energy conversion, adaptive sensing, and image processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMetamaterials
Subtitle of host publicationTheory, Design, and Applications
PublisherSpringer US
Pages271-291
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)9781441905727
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Keywords

  • cathodoluminescence
  • dark-field microscopy
  • dipole radia tion
  • e-beam lithography
  • extinction cross section
  • localized plasmon
  • nanofabrication
  • optical antenna
  • plasmonic structures
  • solar spectrum
  • solid-state superionic stamping
  • surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Xu, J., Kumar, A., Chaturvedi, P., Hsu, K. H., & Fang, N. X. (2010). Enhancing light coupling with plasmonic optical antennas. In Metamaterials: Theory, Design, and Applications (pp. 271-291). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0573-4_12