Enhanced catalytic activity of sub-nanometer titania clusters confined inside double-wall carbon nanotubes

Hongbo Zhang, Xiulian Pan, Jingyue Liu, Weizhong Qian, Fei Wei, Yuying Huang, Xinhe Bao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sub-nanometer titania clusters have been homogeneously dispersed within double-wall carbon nantubes (DWNTs) with an inner diameter ranging from 1.0 to 1.5nm. The confined titania exhibits a much higher activity than the titania particles attached on the outside walls of the DWNTs (the outside titania) in the epoxidation of propylene by H 2O 2. XPS, XANES and Raman spectroscopy data suggest electron transfer from titanium to the inner surfaces of the DWNTs. In contrast, no electron transfer has been observed for the outside titania. We also found that the extent of this confinement-induced electron transfer is temperature dependent. The enhanced activity of the confined titania clusters is likely attributed to their small sizes and the interaction with the DWNT surface. The synthesis method that we developed here can be readily applied to incorporation of other metal/metal oxide nanoparticles into carbon nanotubes. Confinement inside double-walled carbon nanotubes does not only provide a novel approach to highly dispersed sub-nanometer titanium oxide clusters but also induces electron transfer from titanium to carbon via interactions. The confined titanium oxide exhibits a catalytic activity in propylene epoxidation eight times higher than the oxide on the outside of the nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)975-980
Number of pages6
JournalChemSusChem
Volume4
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
titanium
Catalyst activity
Carbon nanotubes
Titanium
Carbon
Epoxidation
Electrons
Titanium oxides
carbon
electron
Oxides
Propylene
oxide
Metals
X ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy
titanium dioxide
carbon nanotube
XANES spectroscopy
Nanotubes

Keywords

  • epoxidation
  • nanoparticles
  • nanotubes
  • titania
  • X-ray absorption spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Enhanced catalytic activity of sub-nanometer titania clusters confined inside double-wall carbon nanotubes. / Zhang, Hongbo; Pan, Xiulian; Liu, Jingyue; Qian, Weizhong; Wei, Fei; Huang, Yuying; Bao, Xinhe.

In: ChemSusChem, Vol. 4, No. 7, 18.07.2011, p. 975-980.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Hongbo ; Pan, Xiulian ; Liu, Jingyue ; Qian, Weizhong ; Wei, Fei ; Huang, Yuying ; Bao, Xinhe. / Enhanced catalytic activity of sub-nanometer titania clusters confined inside double-wall carbon nanotubes. In: ChemSusChem. 2011 ; Vol. 4, No. 7. pp. 975-980.
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