Enhanced baryon number violation due to cosmic strings

M. G. Alford, John March-Russell, Frank Wilczek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

When quarks and leptons propagate in the background of a grand unified cosmic string, various baryon number violating processes can occur. We argue that, because of the long-range pure gauge field that surrounds the string, the cross sections for these processes are generically enhanced by large factors over the naive, geometric, cross section. We explicitly calculate the cross section for quark to lepton transitions in a simplified model and find that it is enhanced by a factor of up to (Λ/Mproton)2 where Λ is the grand unification scale. In an appendix we discuss the possible boundary conditions for the fermionic wave functions, and calculate the correct choice of boundary condition for our model system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-158
Number of pages19
JournalNuclear Physics, Section B
Volume328
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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