Energy-momentum tensor near an evaporating black hole

Paul Davies, S. A. Fulling, W. G. Unruh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

239 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We calculate the vacuum expectation value, Tμν, of the energy-momentum tensor of a massless scalar field in a general two-dimensional spacetime and evaluate it in a two-dimensional model of gravitational collapse. In two dimensions, quantum radiation production is incompatible with a conserved and traceless Tμν. We there-fore resolve an ambiguity in our expression for Tμν, regularized by a geodesic point-separation procedure, by demanding conservation but allowing a trace. In the collapse model, the results support that picture of black-hole evaporation in which pairs of particles are created outside the horizon (and not entirely in the collapsing matter), one of which carries negative energy into the future horizon of the black hole, while the other contributes to the thermal flux at infinity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2720-2723
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes

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horizon
kinetic energy
tensors
gravitational collapse
two dimensional models
ambiguity
infinity
conservation
evaporation
scalars
vacuum
radiation
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Energy-momentum tensor near an evaporating black hole. / Davies, Paul; Fulling, S. A.; Unruh, W. G.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 13, No. 10, 1976, p. 2720-2723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davies, Paul ; Fulling, S. A. ; Unruh, W. G. / Energy-momentum tensor near an evaporating black hole. In: Physical Review D. 1976 ; Vol. 13, No. 10. pp. 2720-2723.
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