In this paper, we perform a comprehensive study on energy band engineering of InGaN multi-quantum-well (MQW) solar cells using AlGaN electron- and hole-blocking layers. InGaN MQW solar cells with AlGaN layers were grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition, and high crystal quality was confirmed by high resolution X-ray diffraction measurements. Time-resolved photoluminescence results showed that the carrier lifetime on the solar cells with AlGaN layers increased by more than 40% compared to that on the reference samples, indicating greatly improved carrier collections. The illuminated current-density (J-V) measurements further confirmed that the short-circuit current density (Jsc) of the solar cells also benefited from the AlGaN layer design and increased 46%. At room temperature, the InGaN solar cells with AlGaN layers showed much higher power conversion efficiency (PCE), by up to two-fold, compared to reference devices. At high temperatures, these solar cells with AlGaN layers also delivered superior photovoltaic (PV) performance such as PCE, Jsc, and fill factor than the reference devices. These results indicate that band engineering with AlGaN layers in the InGaN MQW solar cell structures can effectively enhance the carrier collection process and is a promising design for high efficiency InGaN solar cells for both room temperature and high temperature PV applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)