Bronchoscopic phototherapy is available now for 2 distinct categories of tracheobronchial cancer: roentgenographically occult superficial squamous cell carcinoma and advanced malignancy causing significant airway obstruction. Laboratory and clinical experience show that the photodynamic effect of hematoporphyrin derivative phototherapy (HpD-PT) may be useful for treating superficial cancers that penetrate less than 5 mm into bronchial mucosa. The larger, obstructing cancers are better managed by high-power laser sources, such as the YAG laser, which are effective by hyperthermal photocoagulation, thermal necrosis, and tissue vaporization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine