Enabling Stable Lithium Metal Anode via 3D Inorganic Skeleton with Superlithiophilic Interphase

Lei Fan, Siyuan Li, Lei Liu, Weidong Zhang, Lina Gao, Yao Fu, Fang Chen, Jing Li, Houlong Zhuang, Yingying Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

The lithium metal battery (LMB) is among the most sought-after battery chemistries for high-energy storage devices. However, LMBs usually undergo uncontrollable lithium deposition and severe side reactions, which significantly impede their practical applications. Herein, a stable Al2O3-based inorganic framework with superlithiophilic lithium aluminum oxide (Li-Al-O) interphase is created via reacting Li with Al2O3 nanoparticles. The Al2O3-based inorganic framework can serve as a stable Li “host,” reducing the volume expansion during cell cycling. Moreover, the strong interaction between Li-Al-O interphase and Li+ can redistribute Li+ and reduce the ion concentration gradient near surface protrusion, thus reducing uneven lithium electrodeposition. From galvanostatic measurements, symmetric cells with the 3D Al2O3-hybrid electrode can operate under an ultrahigh current density of 8 mA cm−2 over 480 cycles. When used in full cells, it improves the capacity retention of Li/LiFePO4 from 78.4% to 93.6% after 200 cycles and enables long-term operation of Li/Li4Ti5O12 for over 1200 cycles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1802350
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • AlO skeleton
  • lithium dendrite suppression
  • lithium metal batteries
  • superlithiophilic interphase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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    Fan, L., Li, S., Liu, L., Zhang, W., Gao, L., Fu, Y., Chen, F., Li, J., Zhuang, H., & Lu, Y. (Accepted/In press). Enabling Stable Lithium Metal Anode via 3D Inorganic Skeleton with Superlithiophilic Interphase. Advanced Energy Materials, [1802350]. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201802350