Abstract

The development of children's emotion-related self-regulation appears to be related to, and likely involved in, many aspects of children's development. In this review, the distinction between effortful self-regulatory processes and those that are somewhat less voluntary is discussed, and literature on the former capacities is reviewed. Emotion-related self-regulation develops rapidly in the early years of life and improves more slowly into adulthood. Individual differences in children's self-regulation are fairly stable after the first year or two of life. Such individual differences are inversely related to at least some types of externalizing problems. Findings for internalizing problems are less consistent and robust, although emotion-related self-regulation appears to be inversely related to internalizing problems after the early years. Self-regulatory capacities have been related to both genetic and environmental factors and their interaction. Some interventions designed to foster self-regulation and, hence, reduce maladjustment, have proved to be at least partially effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-525
Number of pages31
JournalAnnual Review of Clinical Psychology
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 27 2010

Fingerprint

Emotions
Child Development
Individuality
Self-Control

Keywords

  • Adjustment
  • Effortful control
  • Executive function
  • Regulation
  • Socialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

@article{1c64a49e40a5453f8d2377bf8bb63d4f,
title = "Emotion-related self-regulation and its relation to children's maladjustment",
abstract = "The development of children's emotion-related self-regulation appears to be related to, and likely involved in, many aspects of children's development. In this review, the distinction between effortful self-regulatory processes and those that are somewhat less voluntary is discussed, and literature on the former capacities is reviewed. Emotion-related self-regulation develops rapidly in the early years of life and improves more slowly into adulthood. Individual differences in children's self-regulation are fairly stable after the first year or two of life. Such individual differences are inversely related to at least some types of externalizing problems. Findings for internalizing problems are less consistent and robust, although emotion-related self-regulation appears to be inversely related to internalizing problems after the early years. Self-regulatory capacities have been related to both genetic and environmental factors and their interaction. Some interventions designed to foster self-regulation and, hence, reduce maladjustment, have proved to be at least partially effective.",
keywords = "Adjustment, Effortful control, Executive function, Regulation, Socialization",
author = "Nancy Eisenberg and Tracy Spinrad and Natalie Wilkens",
year = "2010",
month = "4",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.121208.131208",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "495--525",
journal = "Annual Review of Clinical Psychology",
issn = "1548-5943",
publisher = "Annual Reviews Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emotion-related self-regulation and its relation to children's maladjustment

AU - Eisenberg, Nancy

AU - Spinrad, Tracy

AU - Wilkens, Natalie

PY - 2010/4/27

Y1 - 2010/4/27

N2 - The development of children's emotion-related self-regulation appears to be related to, and likely involved in, many aspects of children's development. In this review, the distinction between effortful self-regulatory processes and those that are somewhat less voluntary is discussed, and literature on the former capacities is reviewed. Emotion-related self-regulation develops rapidly in the early years of life and improves more slowly into adulthood. Individual differences in children's self-regulation are fairly stable after the first year or two of life. Such individual differences are inversely related to at least some types of externalizing problems. Findings for internalizing problems are less consistent and robust, although emotion-related self-regulation appears to be inversely related to internalizing problems after the early years. Self-regulatory capacities have been related to both genetic and environmental factors and their interaction. Some interventions designed to foster self-regulation and, hence, reduce maladjustment, have proved to be at least partially effective.

AB - The development of children's emotion-related self-regulation appears to be related to, and likely involved in, many aspects of children's development. In this review, the distinction between effortful self-regulatory processes and those that are somewhat less voluntary is discussed, and literature on the former capacities is reviewed. Emotion-related self-regulation develops rapidly in the early years of life and improves more slowly into adulthood. Individual differences in children's self-regulation are fairly stable after the first year or two of life. Such individual differences are inversely related to at least some types of externalizing problems. Findings for internalizing problems are less consistent and robust, although emotion-related self-regulation appears to be inversely related to internalizing problems after the early years. Self-regulatory capacities have been related to both genetic and environmental factors and their interaction. Some interventions designed to foster self-regulation and, hence, reduce maladjustment, have proved to be at least partially effective.

KW - Adjustment

KW - Effortful control

KW - Executive function

KW - Regulation

KW - Socialization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77952934979&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77952934979&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.121208.131208

DO - 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.121208.131208

M3 - Article

C2 - 20192797

AN - SCOPUS:77952934979

VL - 6

SP - 495

EP - 525

JO - Annual Review of Clinical Psychology

JF - Annual Review of Clinical Psychology

SN - 1548-5943

ER -