Emotion Regulation in Adolescence

A Prospective Study of Expressive Suppression and Depressive Symptoms

Junilla K. Larsen, Ad A. Vermulst, Rinie Geenen, Henriët van Middendorp, Tammy English, James J. Gross, Phuong Ha, Catharine Evers, Rutger C.M.E. Engels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cross-sectional studies have shown a positive association between expressive suppression and depressive symptoms. These results have been interpreted as reflecting the impact of emotion regulation efforts on depression. However, it is also possible that depression may alter emotion regulation tendencies. The goal of the present study was to prospectively examine the bidirectional association between habitual use of suppression and depressive symptoms in young adolescents. Participants were 1,753 adolescents (mean age = 13.8 years) who reported their use of suppression and depressive symptoms at two time points with a 1-year interval. Suppression and depressive symptoms were correlated within each time point. Depressive symptoms preceded increased use of suppression 1 year later, but suppression did not precede future depressive symptoms. Overall, the findings suggest depressive symptoms may be a potential precursor of habitual use of suppression during adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-200
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

suppression
adolescence
Emotions
emotion
Prospective Studies
Depression
adolescent
cross-sectional study
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • depression
  • emotion regulation
  • gender
  • puberty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Larsen, J. K., Vermulst, A. A., Geenen, R., van Middendorp, H., English, T., Gross, J. J., ... Engels, R. C. M. E. (2013). Emotion Regulation in Adolescence: A Prospective Study of Expressive Suppression and Depressive Symptoms. Journal of Early Adolescence, 33(2), 184-200. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431611432712

Emotion Regulation in Adolescence : A Prospective Study of Expressive Suppression and Depressive Symptoms. / Larsen, Junilla K.; Vermulst, Ad A.; Geenen, Rinie; van Middendorp, Henriët; English, Tammy; Gross, James J.; Ha, Phuong; Evers, Catharine; Engels, Rutger C.M.E.

In: Journal of Early Adolescence, Vol. 33, No. 2, 01.02.2013, p. 184-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Larsen, JK, Vermulst, AA, Geenen, R, van Middendorp, H, English, T, Gross, JJ, Ha, P, Evers, C & Engels, RCME 2013, 'Emotion Regulation in Adolescence: A Prospective Study of Expressive Suppression and Depressive Symptoms', Journal of Early Adolescence, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 184-200. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431611432712
Larsen, Junilla K. ; Vermulst, Ad A. ; Geenen, Rinie ; van Middendorp, Henriët ; English, Tammy ; Gross, James J. ; Ha, Phuong ; Evers, Catharine ; Engels, Rutger C.M.E. / Emotion Regulation in Adolescence : A Prospective Study of Expressive Suppression and Depressive Symptoms. In: Journal of Early Adolescence. 2013 ; Vol. 33, No. 2. pp. 184-200.
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