Emotion in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures

Responses to affective pictures

Nicole Roberts, Mary Burleson, Dana J. Weber, Amy Larson, Kristin Sergeant, Michael J. Devine, Tara M. Vincelette, Norman C. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined emotional responses to standard affective pictures in 18 psychogenic nonepileptic seizure (PNES) patients. Given reports of trauma and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) in many PNES patients, comparison groups were seizure-free individuals high and low in PTS (PTS-high, PTS-low; n= 18 per group). Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (1) reported more emotional intensity to neutral and pleasant pictures than PTS-low and more intensity to neutral pictures than PTS-high, and (2) showed less positive emotional behavior to pleasant pictures than PTS-high. Groups did not differ in pleasantness/unpleasantness ratings, negative emotional behavior, cardiac interbeat interval, or respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) reactivity to the pictures. Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures reported more general emotion regulation difficulties and showed lower baseline RSA than PTS-low but not PTS-high. In sum, intense emotional experience and diminished positive emotional behavior characterized PNES patients' emotional responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Fingerprint

Emotions
Seizures
Wounds and Injuries
Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia

Keywords

  • Emotion
  • Emotion regulation
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures
  • Somatization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neurology

Cite this

Emotion in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures : Responses to affective pictures. / Roberts, Nicole; Burleson, Mary; Weber, Dana J.; Larson, Amy; Sergeant, Kristin; Devine, Michael J.; Vincelette, Tara M.; Wang, Norman C.

In: Epilepsy and Behavior, Vol. 24, No. 1, 05.2012, p. 107-115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roberts, N, Burleson, M, Weber, DJ, Larson, A, Sergeant, K, Devine, MJ, Vincelette, TM & Wang, NC 2012, 'Emotion in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: Responses to affective pictures', Epilepsy and Behavior, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 107-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.03.018
Roberts, Nicole ; Burleson, Mary ; Weber, Dana J. ; Larson, Amy ; Sergeant, Kristin ; Devine, Michael J. ; Vincelette, Tara M. ; Wang, Norman C. / Emotion in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures : Responses to affective pictures. In: Epilepsy and Behavior. 2012 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 107-115.
@article{9ac55374cae243bca2537663692cff43,
title = "Emotion in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: Responses to affective pictures",
abstract = "We examined emotional responses to standard affective pictures in 18 psychogenic nonepileptic seizure (PNES) patients. Given reports of trauma and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) in many PNES patients, comparison groups were seizure-free individuals high and low in PTS (PTS-high, PTS-low; n= 18 per group). Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (1) reported more emotional intensity to neutral and pleasant pictures than PTS-low and more intensity to neutral pictures than PTS-high, and (2) showed less positive emotional behavior to pleasant pictures than PTS-high. Groups did not differ in pleasantness/unpleasantness ratings, negative emotional behavior, cardiac interbeat interval, or respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) reactivity to the pictures. Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures reported more general emotion regulation difficulties and showed lower baseline RSA than PTS-low but not PTS-high. In sum, intense emotional experience and diminished positive emotional behavior characterized PNES patients' emotional responses.",
keywords = "Emotion, Emotion regulation, Posttraumatic stress, Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures, Somatization",
author = "Nicole Roberts and Mary Burleson and Weber, {Dana J.} and Amy Larson and Kristin Sergeant and Devine, {Michael J.} and Vincelette, {Tara M.} and Wang, {Norman C.}",
year = "2012",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.03.018",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "107--115",
journal = "Epilepsy and Behavior",
issn = "1525-5050",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emotion in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures

T2 - Responses to affective pictures

AU - Roberts, Nicole

AU - Burleson, Mary

AU - Weber, Dana J.

AU - Larson, Amy

AU - Sergeant, Kristin

AU - Devine, Michael J.

AU - Vincelette, Tara M.

AU - Wang, Norman C.

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - We examined emotional responses to standard affective pictures in 18 psychogenic nonepileptic seizure (PNES) patients. Given reports of trauma and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) in many PNES patients, comparison groups were seizure-free individuals high and low in PTS (PTS-high, PTS-low; n= 18 per group). Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (1) reported more emotional intensity to neutral and pleasant pictures than PTS-low and more intensity to neutral pictures than PTS-high, and (2) showed less positive emotional behavior to pleasant pictures than PTS-high. Groups did not differ in pleasantness/unpleasantness ratings, negative emotional behavior, cardiac interbeat interval, or respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) reactivity to the pictures. Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures reported more general emotion regulation difficulties and showed lower baseline RSA than PTS-low but not PTS-high. In sum, intense emotional experience and diminished positive emotional behavior characterized PNES patients' emotional responses.

AB - We examined emotional responses to standard affective pictures in 18 psychogenic nonepileptic seizure (PNES) patients. Given reports of trauma and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) in many PNES patients, comparison groups were seizure-free individuals high and low in PTS (PTS-high, PTS-low; n= 18 per group). Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (1) reported more emotional intensity to neutral and pleasant pictures than PTS-low and more intensity to neutral pictures than PTS-high, and (2) showed less positive emotional behavior to pleasant pictures than PTS-high. Groups did not differ in pleasantness/unpleasantness ratings, negative emotional behavior, cardiac interbeat interval, or respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) reactivity to the pictures. Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures reported more general emotion regulation difficulties and showed lower baseline RSA than PTS-low but not PTS-high. In sum, intense emotional experience and diminished positive emotional behavior characterized PNES patients' emotional responses.

KW - Emotion

KW - Emotion regulation

KW - Posttraumatic stress

KW - Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures

KW - Somatization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84860682238&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84860682238&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.03.018

DO - 10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.03.018

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 107

EP - 115

JO - Epilepsy and Behavior

JF - Epilepsy and Behavior

SN - 1525-5050

IS - 1

ER -