Emission and gas kinematics in a lyman-alpha blob at z ∼ 3.1

Emily M. McLinden, Sangeeta Malhotra, James E. Rhoads, Pascale Hibon, Anne Marie Weijmans, Vithal Tilvi

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present spectroscopic measurements of the [O III] emission line from two subregions of strong Lyα emission in a radio-quiet Lyman-alpha blob (LAB). The blob under study is LAB1 at z ∼ 3.1, and the [O III] detections are from the two Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) embedded in the blob halo. The [O III] measurements were made with LUCIFER on the 8.4 m Large Binocular Telescope and NIRSPEC on 10 m Keck Telescope. Comparing the redshift of the [O III] measurements to Lyα redshifts from SAURON allows us to take a step toward understanding the kinematics of the gas in the blob. Using both LUCIFER and NIRSPEC we find velocity offsets between the [O III] and Lyα redshifts that are modestly negative or consistent with 0 km s-1 in both subregions studied (ranging from -72 ± 42- + 6 ± 33 km s -1). A negative offset means Lyα is blueshifted with respect to [O III] a positive offset then implies Lyα is redshifted with respect to [O III]. These results may imply that outflows are not primarily responsible for Lyman alpha escape in this LAB, since outflows are generally expected to produce a positive velocity offset. In addition, we present an [O III] line flux upper limit on a third region of LAB1, a region that is unassociated with any underlying galaxy. We find that the [O III] upper limit from the galaxy-unassociated region of the blob is at least 1.4-2.5 times fainter than the [O III] flux from one of the LBG-associated regions and has an [O III] to Lyα ratio measured at least 1.9-3.4 times smaller than the same ratio measured from one of the LBGs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number48
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume767
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2013

Keywords

  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • intergalactic medium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    McLinden, E. M., Malhotra, S., Rhoads, J. E., Hibon, P., Weijmans, A. M., & Tilvi, V. (2013). Emission and gas kinematics in a lyman-alpha blob at z ∼ 3.1. Astrophysical Journal, 767(1), [48]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/767/1/48