Vaccination of specific-pathogen-free chickens as 18-day embryos with the BVM isolate of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) resulted in extensive replication of the vaccine virus in the embryonic tissues. The virus was recovered from lung, thymus, proventriculus, liver, kidney, and spleen of embryos 1 day postvaccination, and recoverable virus persisted for at least 7 days. Replication and spread of the vaccine virus in chickens vaccinated as 18-day embryos was compared with that in chickens vaccinated at hatch. Distribution of the virus in tissues was more extensive, virus levels in tissues were generally higher, and detectable virus persisted longer in chickens vaccinated as 18-day embryos than in those vaccinated at hatch. Effective vaccine response could be initiated with 6.2 median embryo lethal doses, the lowest dose tested. Chickens immunized as embryos developed neutralizing antibody against IBDV and resisted challenge with pathogenic IBDV at 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks of age.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)