Filtration for microfluidic sample-collection devices is desirable for sample selection, concentration, preprocessing, and manipulation, but microfabricating the required sub-micrometer structures is an elaborate process. This article presents a simple method to integrate filters in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) devices to sample microorganisms in aqueous environments. An off-the-shelf membrane filter with 0.22-μm pores was embedded in a PDMS layer and sequentially bound with other PDMS channel layers. No leakage was observed during filtration. This device was validated by concentrating a large amount of biomass, from 15 × 10 7 to 3 × 10 8 cells/ml of cyanobacterium Synechocystis in simulated sample water with consistent performance across devices. The major advantagesof this method are low cost, simple design, straightforward fabrication, and robust performance, enabling wide-utility of chip-based devices for field-deployable operations in environmental microbiology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry