Email networks and the spread of computer viruses

M. E.J. Newman, Stephanie Forrest, Justin Balthrop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

540 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many computer viruses spread via electronic mail, making use of computer users’ email address books as a source for email addresses of new victims. These address books form a directed social network of connections between individuals over which the virus spreads. Here we investigate empirically the structure of this network using data drawn from a large computer installation, and discuss the implications of this structure for the understanding and prevention of computer virus epidemics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2002
Externally publishedYes

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computer viruses
Computer Virus
Electronic Mail
electronic mail
viruses
installing
Directed Network
Social Networks
Virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Email networks and the spread of computer viruses. / Newman, M. E.J.; Forrest, Stephanie; Balthrop, Justin.

In: Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics, Vol. 66, No. 3, 10.09.2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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