Electron tomography of nanoparticle clusters: Implications for atmospheric lifetimes and radiative forcing of soot

Laura H. van Poppel, Heiner Friedrich, Jacob Spinsby, Serena H. Chung, John H. Seinfeld, P R Buseck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanoparticles are ubiquitous in nature. Their large surface areas and consequent chemical reactivity typically result in their aggregation into clusters. Their chemical and physical properties depend on cluster shapes, which are commonly complex and unknown. This is the first application of electron tomography with a transmission electron microscope to quantitatively determine the three-dimensional (3D) shapes, volumes, and surface areas of nanoparticle clusters. We use soot (black carbon, BC) nanoparticles as an example because it is a major contributor to environmental degradation and global climate change. To the extent that our samples are representative, we find that quantitative measurements of soot surface areas and volumes derived from electron tomograms differ from geometrically derived values by, respectively, almost one and two orders of magnitude. Global sensitivity studies suggest that the global burden and direct radiative forcing of fractal BC are only about 60% of the value if it is assumed that BC has a spherical shape.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume32
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 28 2005

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radiative forcing
atmospheric forcing
soot
black carbon
tomography
surface area
electron
life (durability)
nanoparticles
carbon
electrons
climate change
environmental degradation
chemical properties
global climate
chemical property
fractals
reactivity
physical property
electron microscopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Electron tomography of nanoparticle clusters : Implications for atmospheric lifetimes and radiative forcing of soot. / van Poppel, Laura H.; Friedrich, Heiner; Spinsby, Jacob; Chung, Serena H.; Seinfeld, John H.; Buseck, P R.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, No. 24, 28.12.2005, p. 1-4.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

van Poppel, Laura H. ; Friedrich, Heiner ; Spinsby, Jacob ; Chung, Serena H. ; Seinfeld, John H. ; Buseck, P R. / Electron tomography of nanoparticle clusters : Implications for atmospheric lifetimes and radiative forcing of soot. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2005 ; Vol. 32, No. 24. pp. 1-4.
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